vascular myelopathies - vascular malformations of the spinal cord: presentation and endovascular surgical management from seminars in neurology posted 01/14/2003. Louis p. Caragine, jr. , m. viagra online buy viagra online cheap viagra online buy viagra cheap generic viagra generic viagra online viagra for sale where can i buy viagra locally without a prescription D. , ph. D. , van v. Halbach, m. D. , perry p. Ng, m. D. , christopher f. Dowd, m. D. Abstract and introduction abstract spinal cord vascular malformations are often a cause of spinal myelopathy. Endovascular surgical approaches to spinal cord vascular malformations have become an important adjunct and often the primary treatment of these disorders. Spinal cord vascular malformations may be divided into several categories based on their anatomy and location. They may present with a wide range of symptoms far removed from the vascular pathology. Early recognition and treatment can effect a better outcome and often reverse presenting neurologic deficits. Emerging magnetic resonance imaging techniques allow visualization of flow voids, some vascular anatomy, and intramedullary pathology and are a good screening modality. However, selective diagnostic spinal angiography remains the study of choice to diagnose and elaborate on the anatomy and potential treatment protocols. Rapidly evolving endovascular techniques and technology are revolutionizing the treatment of vascular pathology in the central nervous system, either as an adjunct to traditional neurosurgical techniques or as definitive therapy. We review the diagnosis and treatment options for spinal cord vascular malformations. Objectives on completion of this article the reader will be able to recognize the clinical presentation of myelopathy due to vascular disturbance, list the common forms of vascular pathology in the spinal cord, and summarize current views on treatment options. Accreditation the indiana university school of medicine is accredited by the accreditation council for continuing medical education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. Credit the indiana university school of medicine designates this educational activity for a maximum of 1. 0 hours in category one credit toward the ama physicians recognition award. Each physician should claim only those hours of credit that he/she actually spent in the educational activity. Disclosure statements have been obtained regarding the authors' relationships with financial supporters of this activity. There is no apparent conflict of interest related to the context of participation of the authors of this article. Next >>  medical news medical articles brain & spine center kg heart center joint replacement center kidney center kg eye hospital advanced laparoscopic center    copyright © k. G. Hospital - 2003. All rights reserved. Site map terms privacy. Equences in axial, sagittal and coronal sections of the patient’s brain (no. viagra over the counter in france